First-principles study on lithium amide for hydrogen storage

Kazutoshi Miwa, Nobuko Ohba, Shin Ichi Towata, Yuko Nakamori, Shin Ichi Orimo

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98 Citations (Scopus)


The fundamental properties of lithium amide LiN H2, which is fully hydrogenated phase of lithium nitride Li3 N, have been investigated by the first-principles calculations using the ultrasoft pseudopotential method, including the structural, electronic, dielectric, and vibrational properties. The calculated structural parameters agree well with the experimental data except for hydrogen positions. The analyses for the electronic structure and the Born effective charge tensors indicate an ionic feature between Li+ and [N H2] -. The internal bonding of [N H2] - anions is primarily covalent. The internal N-H bending and stretching vibrations of [N H2] - anions yield Γ -phonon modes around 1500 and 3400 cm-1, respectively. These can be fairly reproduced by the molecular approximation, suggesting a strong internal bonding of [N H2] - anions. The heat of formation for the fully hydriding reaction of Li3 N is predicted as -85 kJ mol H2 which agrees well with the experimental value. Some discussions are also presented for the properties of Li3 N.

Original languageEnglish
Article number195109
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 2005


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