Flow separation control on a race car wing with vortex gnerators in ground effect

Yuichi Kuya, Kenji Takeda, Xin Zhang, Scott Beeton, Ted Pandaleon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


Flow separation control using vortex generators on an inverted wing in ground effect is experimentally investigated, and its performance is characterized in terms of forces and pressure distributions over a range of incidence and ride height.Counter-rotating and co-rotating rectangular-vane type vortex generators are tested on the suction surface of the wing.The effect of device height and spacing is investigated.The counter-rotating sub-boundary layer vortex generators and counter-rotating large-scale vortex generators on the wing deliver 23% and 10% improvements in the maximum downforce, respectively, compared with the clean wing, at an incidence of one degree, and delay the onset of the downforce reduction phenomenon.The counter-rotating sub-boundary layer vortex generators exhibit up to 26% improvement in downforce and 10% improvement in aerodynamic efficiency at low ride heights.Chordwise pressure measurement confirms that both counter-rotating vortex generator configurations suppress flow separation, while the corotating vortex generators exhibit negligible effectiveness.This work shows that a use of vortex generators, notably of the counter-rotating sub-boundary layer vortex generator type, can be effective at controlling flow separation, with a resultant improvement in downforce for relatively low drag penalty.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1211021-1211028
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Fluids Engineering, Transactions of the ASME
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Dec


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