Luminescent mini-tufts method has been used for surface flow visualization for a long time. One major challenging point of this method is quantitative analysis of transient flows and the dynamic structures. This study is focused on the application of luminescent mini-tufts method in transient flows. A backward-facing step (BFS) is used in this analysis, which is one classic model that consists both flow separation and re-attachment processes. In this study, the instantaneous mini-tufts recognition, image averaging and tuft inclination angle/tuft angle estimation processes are introduced for the analysis of luminescent mini-tufts for the first time on backward-facing step flow (Rem = 2.0 × 105–7.9 × 105 and Reh = 1.3 × 104–5.3 × 104). Detailed transient features and characterization process for the backward-facing step model are explained in this study. The combination of optical-oil flow and hot-wire anemometry methods with luminescent mini-tufts are also shown useful to give comprehensive flow field information, including the surface flow behaviors, boundary layer, re-attachment position identification, etc. In addition, the decomposition of the luminescent mini-tufts visualization data is also conducted to give the power spectral density (PSD) and characteristic frequencies for the mini-tufts behaviors under transient fluctuating flow conditions.
|Journal||Flow Measurement and Instrumentation|
|Publication status||Published - 2020 Mar|
- Backward-facing step
- Luminescent mini-tufts
- Separation flow
- Transient analysis