The synthesis of a protected dephosphofostriecin, and thereby a formal synthesis of fostriecin, has been accomplished. The synthetic challenges were the construction of four stereogenic centers and the conformationally labile cis-cis-trans-triene moiety. Previous total syntheses have employed at least two asymmetric reactions that required the use of an external chiral auxiliary. Although remote stereoinduction in a 1,4-relationship is considered difficult, we have developed a notable 1,4-asymmetric induction that utilizes an alkyne-cobalt complex for the control of C5 stereochemistry by the C8 stereogenic center. The stereochemistry at C11 was established by 1,3-asymmetric induction with a higherorder alkynyl-zinc reagent. Thus, only one asymmetric reaction requiring an external chiral auxiliary was employed in this route. The labile cis-cis-transtriene unit was constructed at a late stage of the synthesis by diastereoselective coupling of a dienyne and an aldehyde unit, followed by reduction.
- Asymmetric synthesis