Formation of photocatalytically active TiO2 layers on TiNb alloys by two-step thermal oxidation

Shota Sado, Takatoshi Ueda, Yosuke Tokuda, Naoki Sato, Kyosuke Ueda, Takayuki Narushima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


A two-step thermal oxidation process was applied to TixNb binary alloys (x = 0, 1, 10, 15, and 30 at%) to prepare anatase-containing TiO2 layers, and their photocatalytic activities were evaluated by measuring the water contact angle and decomposition of methylene blue (MB) under UV irradiation. The condition of the first-step treatment was fixed as heating in Ar1%CO atmosphere at 1073 K for 3.6 ks, and the subsequent second-step treatment was conducted in air at 6731073 K for 10.8 ks. The reaction layer formed after the two-step thermal oxidation consisted of TiO2. The anatase fraction of the TiO2 layers increased with decreasing second-step temperature and increasing Nb content of the TiNb alloys. In addition, Nb and carbon were introduced into the TiO2 layers. A water contact angle of around 5° was observed on the TiO2 layers formed at the second-step temperatures of 673973 K. The rate constant of MB decomposition showed a maximum for an anatase fraction of 0.60.8 at which the recombination of exited electrons and holes are suppressed. The TiO2 layer formed on the Ti10 at%Nb alloy exhibited a higher rate constant of MB decomposition compared with Ti30 at%Nb, in which the TiNb2O7 phase formed. These results indicate that Nb is an effective alloying element for producing a photocatalytically active TiO2 layer on Ti by the two-step thermal oxidation process. Nevertheless, the presence of an anatase-rich TiO2 layer and an appropriate Nb content in TiO2 are required for achieving high photocatalytic activities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1814-1820
Number of pages7
JournalMaterials Transactions
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • Anatase
  • Methylene blue
  • Niobium
  • Photocatalytic activity
  • Ti alloy
  • Water contact angle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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