The neuropeptide control of bivalve reproduction with particular reference to gonadotropin-releasing hormone (invGnRH) is a frontier yet to be investigated. Bivalves are unique because they have two forms of the invGnRH peptide; however, there has been no functional characterization of the peptide–receptor pair. Therefore, the identification of a cognate receptor is a preliminary step toward exploring the biological roles of invGnRHs in bivalves. In this study, we functionally characterize an invGnRH receptor (invGnRHR) of a bivalve, the Yesso scallop Mizuhopecten yessoensis. In the receptor assay, HEK293 cells were transfected to transiently express the M. yessoensis invGnRHR (my-invGnRHR), which was found to be localized on the plasma membrane, confirming that my-invGnRHR, similar to other G-protein-coupled receptors, functions as a membrane receptor. Using both forms of invGnRH as ligands in a function-receptor assay, my-invGnRH11aa-NH2 stimulated intracellular Ca2+ mobilization but not cyclic AMP production, whereas my-invGnRH12aa-OH did not induce increase in Ca2+ levels. Therefore, we concluded that my-invGnRHR is an endogenous receptor specific to my-invGnRH11aa-NH2 which is hypothesized to be the mature peptide. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study reporting the functional characterization of a bivalve invGnRHR.
- Receptor assay
- Second messenger