Ga segregation during Czochralski-Si crystal growth with Ge codoping

Raira Gotoh, M. Arivanandhan, Kozo Fujiwara, Satoshi Uda

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7 Citations (Scopus)


The segregation of Ga during the growth of Czochralski-Si crystals with Ge codoping was investigated. The effective segregation coefficient of Ga in Ga/Ge-codoped Si crystal growth was nearly constant over a wide Ge concentration range, even at high Ge concentrations of about 1021 cm-3. In contrast, the effective segregation coefficient increased at high B concentrations in Ga/B-codoped CZ-Si crystal growth. The segregation behavior of Ga in Ga/Ge- and Ga/B-codoped CZ-Si crystal growth was theoretically compared. The difference in the segregation coefficients of Ga as a function of the codoped impurity (Ge or B) between the two Si crystals was attributed to a difference in the excess enthalpy due to impurity incorporation into the Si crystal between GaGe pairs and GaB pairs The effect of Ge codoping on the minority carrier lifetime in Ga/Ge-codoped CZ-Si crystals was also investigated. The minority carrier lifetime increased with increasing Ge concentration. The higher minority carrier lifetime was associated with a decrease in interstitial oxygen related to D-defects in the Si crystal.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2865-2870
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Crystal Growth
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Oct 1


  • A1. Ga and Ge codoping
  • A1. Point defect
  • A2. Czochralski method
  • A2. Single crystal growth
  • B2. Semiconductor silicon
  • B3. Solar cells


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