GA-sensitive dwarf1-1D (gsd1-1D) Defines a New Mutation that Controls Endogenous GA Levels in Arabidopsis

Belay T. Ayele, Hiroshi Magome, Sumin Lee, Kihye Shin, Yuji Kamiya, Moon Soo Soh, Shinjiro Yamaguchi

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    4 Citations (Scopus)


    Gibberellin (GA) regulates diverse plant growth and developmental processes. A number of GA inactivation mechanisms and the associated enzyme-encoding genes and transcriptional regulators have been identified in plants. Identification of a novel dominant GA-sensitive mutant of Arabidopsis, GA-sensitive dwarf1-1D (gsd1-1D), exhibiting phenotypes typical of GA-deficient mutants, including semidwarfism and smaller and dark green leaves, has been reported previously. Unlike the severe GA-deficient mutants such as ga1-3, gsd1-1D seeds displayed a normal GA-sensitive germination phenotype. To gain insights into how the gsd1-1D mutation affects GA metabolism, we performed dose-response studies with several GA biosynthetic intermediates. The results implied that the gsd1-1D mutation preferentially affects the activity of the non-13-hydroxylated bioactive GA, GA4. Our gene expression analysis indicated upregulation of GA2ox1 in the gsd1-1D mutant relative to that in the wild-type and GA-deficient ga3ox1/ga3ox2 mutant; however, this does not appear to be the major cause for the phenotype exhibited by gsd1-1D as the basal level of GA2ox1 expression is low. Measurement of endogenous levels of GAs showed a substantial decrease in the amounts of non-13-hydroxylated GA precursors and GA4 and their respective catabolites in gsd1-1D. Although to a lesser extent, the levels of some 13-hydroxylated GA precursors and bioactive GA1 were also reduced by the gsd1-1D mutation. Taken together, our results suggest that GSD1 is involved in the GA inactivation process and thereby regulates the levels of bioactive GAs in Arabidopsis.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)340-354
    Number of pages15
    JournalJournal of Plant Growth Regulation
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2014 May


    • Arabidopsis
    • Gene expression
    • Gibberellin
    • Hormone treatment
    • Mutation
    • gsd1-1D
    • gsd1-2r

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Agronomy and Crop Science
    • Plant Science


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