Electrical and pharmacological properties of the γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-induced current in the rat isolated cerebellar Purkinje cell bodies were studied using a concentration-jump method, which is termed as a 'concentration-clamp' technique. This technique enables the rapid exchange of external solution around the neurons to be perfused internally under a voltage-clamp condition. The peak amplitude of GABA response increased sigmoidally with the increase of the concentration of GABA. The value of the GABA concentration that evokes a half-maximal response (K(a)) was 5 x 10-5 M, and the Hill coefficient was 1.8. The current-voltage relationship for the GABA response showed nonlinearity at membrane potentials more negative than -40 mV. The reversal potential of GABA-evoked current was close to the equilibrium potential of Cl- (E(Cl)), indicating that the current elicited by GABA is carried by Cl-. Both the activation and inactivation phases of GABA-induced Cl- current (I(Cl)) consisted of fast and slow components. These time constants in both phases decreased as the concentration of GABA increased. Strychnine and bicuculline inhibited the GABA-induced I(Cl) in a dose-dependent manner, and the inhibition of the GABA response by bicuculline was competitive. Pentobarbital sodium augmented the GABA response and modified the inactivation phase. The augmentation of the GABA response by pentobarbital was more profound at lower concentrations of GABA and was accompanied by a change in the Hill coefficient from 2 to 1. The properties of the GABA response in cerebellar Purkinje cells were thought to be basically similar to those previously reported in other preparations.
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology|
|Publication status||Published - 1989|