Cytokines exert pleiotropic effects on target cells in a manner dependent on the cell type or stage of differentiation. To determine how instinctive cell properties affect biological effects of cytokine, we introduced an erythroid/megakaryocyte lineage-specific transcription factor, GATA-1, into a murine myeloid cell line M1, which is known to undergo macrophage differentiation in response to interleukin 6 (IL-6). Overexpression of GATA-1 changed the phenotype of M1 cells from myeloid to megakaryocytic lineage. Furthermore, GATA-1 blocked both IL-6-induced macrophage differentiation and apoptosis of M1 cells. Although STAT3 is essential for IL-6-induced macrophage differentiation of M1 cells, GATA-1 had little or no effect on tyrosine phosphorylation, DNA binding, and transcriptional activities of STAT3 in Western blot analysis, electropholic mobility shift assay (EMSA), and luciferase assays. During IL-6-induced macrophage differentiation of M1 cells, IL-6 down-regulated cyclin D1 expression and induced p19(INK4D) expression, leading to reduction in cdk4 activities. In contrast, sustained expression of cyclin D1 and a significantly lesser amount of p19(INK4D) induction were observed in IL-6- treated M1 cells overexpressing GATA-1. Furthermore, although bcl-2 expression was severely reduced by IL-6 in M1 cells, it was sustained in GATA-1-introduced M1 cells during the culture with IL-6. Both IL-6-induced macrophage differentiation and apoptosis were significantly abrogated by coexpression of cyclin D1 and bcl-2, whereas overexpressions of cyclin D1 or bcl-2 inhibited only differentiation for apoptosis, respectively. These results suggested that GATA-1 may not only reprogram the lineage phenotype of M1 cells but also disrupt the biologic effects of IL-6 through the sustained expression of cyclin D1 and bcl-2. (C) 2000 The American Society of Hematology.
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - 2000 Feb 15|