GATA-1 self-association controls erythroid development in vivo

Ritsuko Shimizu, Cecelia D. Trainor, Keizo Nishikawa, Makoto Kobayashi, Kinuko Ohneda, Masayuki Yamamoto

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26 Citations (Scopus)


GATA-1 is the key transcription factor for the development of the erythroid, megakaryocytic, eosinophilic, and mast cell lineages. GATA-1 possesses the ability to self-associate, and this characteristic has been suggested to be important for GATA-1 function. To elucidate the roles self-associated GATA-1 plays during hematopoietic cell development in vivo, in this study we prepared GATA-1 mutants in which three lysine residues potentially contributing to the self-association (Lys-245, Lys-246, and Lys-312) are substituted in combination with alanines. Of the mutants, 3KA harboring alanine substitutions in all three lysines showed reduced self-association activity without considerable interference in the modification of GATA-1 by acetylation. We generated transgenic mouse lines that express these GATA-1 mutants utilizing the Gata1 hematopoietic regulatory domain, and crossed the mice to Gata1 knockdown (GATA-1.05) mutant mice. Although NKA (K245A and K246A) and CKA (K312A) mutants almost fully rescued the GATA-1.05 mice from anemia and embryonic lethality, the 3KA mutant only partially rescued the GATA-1.05 mutant mice. Even with the higher than endogenous level expression, GATA-1.05/Y::3KA embryos were prone to die at various stages in mid-to-late gestation. Live birth and an anemic phenotype were restored in some embryos depending on the expression level of the 3KA transgene. The expression of the transferrin receptor and heme biosynthesis enzymes was impaired in the yolk sac and liver of the 3KA-rescued embryos. Immature erythroid cells with insufficient expression of the transferrin receptor accumulated in the livers of 3KA-rescued embryos. These results provide the first convincing line of evidence that the self-association of GATA-1 is important for proper mammalian erythroid development in vivo.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15862-15871
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number21
Publication statusPublished - 2007 May 25


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