Gate-induced superconductivity in two-dimensional atomic crystals

Yu Saito, Tsutomu Nojima, Yoshihiro Iwasa

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

51 Citations (Scopus)


Two-dimensional (2D) crystals are attracting growing interest in condensed matter physics, since these systems exhibit not only rich electronic and photonic properties but also exotic electronic phase transitions including superconductivity and charge density wave. Moreover, owing to the recent development of transfer methods after exfoliation and electric-double-layer transistors, superconducting 2D atomic crystals, the thicknesses of which are below 1-2 nm, have been successfully obtained. Here, we present a topical review on the recent discoveries of 2D crystalline superconductors by ionic-liquid gating and a series of their novel properties. In particular, we highlight two topics; quantum metallic states (or possible metallic ground states) and superconductivity robust against in-plane magnetic fields. These phenomena can be discussed with the effects of weakened disorder and/or broken spacial inversion symmetry leading to valley-dependent spin-momentum locking (spin-valley locking). These examples suggest the superconducting 2D crystals are new platforms for investigating the intrinsic quantum phases as well as exotic nature in 2D superconductors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number093001
JournalSuperconductor Science and Technology
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jul 14


  • 2D materials
  • 2D superconductivity
  • interface superconductivity
  • ionic liquid
  • quantum transport


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