Gaze bias in preference judgments by younger and older adults

Toshiki Saito, Rui Nouchi, Hikari Kinjo, Ryuta Kawashima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Individuals' gaze behavior reflects the choice they will ultimately make. For example, people confronting a choice among multiple stimuli tend to look longer at stimuli that are subsequently chosen than at other stimuli. This tendency, called the gaze bias effect, is a key aspect of visual decision-making. Nevertheless, no study has examined the generality of the gaze bias effect in older adults. Here, we used a two-alternative forced-choice task (2AFC) to compare the gaze behavior reflective of different stages of decision processes demonstrated by younger and older adults. Participants who had viewed two faces were instructed to choose the one that they liked/disliked or the one that they judged to be more/less similar to their own face. Their eye movements were tracked while they chose. The results show that the gaze bias effect occurred during the remaining time in both age groups irrespective of the decision type. However, no gaze bias effect was observed for the preference judgment during the first dwell time. Our study demonstrated that the gaze bias during the remaining time occurred regardless of decision-making task and age. Further study using diverse participants, such as clinic patients or infants, may help to generalize the gaze bias effect and to elucidate the mechanisms underlying the gaze bias.

Original languageEnglish
Article number285
JournalFrontiers in Aging Neuroscience
Issue numberAUG
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Aug 25


  • Aging
  • Decision-making
  • Eye movements
  • Gaze bias effect
  • Preference


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