We describe two pediatric patients with an uncommon electrophysiological seizure propagation pattern. Both had dialeptic seizures as the main or only symptom. Case 1 had a small mass in the left medial temporal structures; case 2 had no lesion on magnetic resonance imaging. In both, the electroencephalogram showed not only left temporal spikes, but also bilaterally synchronous 3-Hz spike-and-wave complexes (SWCs) from onset and unusual secondarily generalized 3-Hz SWC patterns arising from the left temporal region. Case 1 was seizure free following resection of the mass; focal or generalized epileptiform electroencephalographic abnormalities were no longer present. In case 2, magnetoencephalography localized the spikes to the left superior and midtemporal gyrus, which ictal single-photon-emission computed tomography suggested was the origin of onset. These cases illustrate the close relationship between the focal epileptic area and 3-Hz SWCs and suggest that the focal area can trigger 3-Hz SWCs. The therapeutic strategy may need to be altered in such patients.
- 3-Hz spike-and-wave complex
- Focal epileptic activity