Genetic alterations of several oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes are associated with human colorectal carcinogenesis. Especially in mutations, the K-ras, p53, APC and DCC gene frequently occurred, and these gene alterations seem to have important roles in colorectal carcinogenesis. We investigated 28 human colon cancer specimens obtained from surgery and five human colon cancer cell lines by PCR-SSCP assay, PCR-OSH assay, RT-PCR or sequencing method. Forty percent of cancers from surgical specimens had Ki-ras 2 (codon 12/13), p53 (Exon 5-8), APC (MCR) gene mutations, and fifty-seven percent of them had lower expression of DCC gene than that of normal matched colon mucosa of the same patient. G to A transition was the most frequent in K-ras mutational spectrum in this case; 25% of patients had both k-ras and p53 gene point mutations. From the results, we concluded that it in colorectal carcinogenesis for both K-ras and p53 gene point mutations might not necessary occur.
|Number of pages
|Japanese Journal of Cancer and Chemotherapy
|Published - 1994