Genetic features of Mongolian ethnic groups revealed by Y-chromosomal analysis

Toru Katoh, Batmunkh Munkhbat, Kenichi Tounai, Shuhei Mano, Harue Ando, Ganjuur Oyungerel, Gue Tae Chae, Huun Han, Guan Jun Jia, Katsushi Tokunaga, Namid Munkhtuvshin, Gen Tamiya, Hidetoshi Inoko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)


About 20 ethnic groups reside in Mongolia. On the basis of genetic and anthropological studies, it is believed that Mongolians have played a pivotal role in the peopling of Central and East Asia. However, the genetic relationships among these ethnic groups have remained obscure, as have their detailed relationships with adjacent populations. We analyzed 16 binary and 17 STR polymorphisms of human Y chromosome in 669 individuals from nine populations, including four indigenous ethnic groups in Mongolia (Khalkh, Uriankhai, Zakhchin, and Khoton). Among these four Mongolian populations, the Khalkh, Uriankhai, and Zakhchin populations showed relatively close genetic affinities to each other and to Siberian populations, while the Khoton population showed a closer relationship to Central Asian populations than to even the other Mongolian populations. These findings suggest that the major Mongolian ethnic groups have a close genetic affinity to populations in northern East Asia, although the genetic link between Mongolia and Central Asia is not negligible.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-70
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Feb 14


  • Binary haplogroup
  • Mongolian
  • STR haplotype
  • Y chromosome


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