The genomic sequence of the human GCMa/GCM1 gene, a mammalian homologue of Drosophila melanogaster GCM, was determined. Drosophila GCM is a neural transcription factor that regulates glial cell fate. The mammalian homolog however, is a placenta-specific transcription factor that is necessary for placental development. The 22 kb DNA sequence spanning the GCMa gene contains six exons and five introns, encoding a 2.8 kb cDNA. Overall genomic organization is similar for the human and mouse. Several potential binding sites for transcription factors like GATA, Oct-1, and bHLH proteins were found in the 5'-flanking region of the human gene. A DNA motif for GCM protein binding exists in the 5'-flanking region that is highly homologous with that of the mouse gene. The location of this gene was mapped to chromosome 6 using fluorescence in situ hybridization. (C) 2000 Academic Press.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 2000 Nov 11|
- Genomic organization
- Transcription factor
- Trophoblast Specific Element