Glassy solidification criterion of Zr50Cu40Al 10 alloy

Yoshihiko Yokoyama, Hasse Fredriksson, Hideyuki Yasuda, Masahiko Nishijima, Akihisa Inoue

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


We examined the solidification morphology and structure of arc-melted Zr50Cu40Al10 glass-forming alloys in order to determine the impurity influences using two grades of Zr metals: "sponge Zr" purified somewhat but not highly by the Kroll method, and highly purified "crystal Zr". When crystal Zr is used, arc-melted Zr 50Cu40Al10 alloy exhibits superior glass-forming ability in forming glassy phase, even in a 40-g master alloy. When sponge Zr is used, on the other hand, we can see distinct a chain reaction of exothermic heat due to crystallization after vitrification during solidification. We conclude that the origin of the crystallization in arc-melted Zr50Cu40Al10 alloy with sponge Zr is probably chlorine as an impurity in sponge Zr metals. Furthermore, vitrification in front of the solidification interface of arc-melted Zr50Cu 40Al10 alloy with crystal Zr can occur when the crystalline growth phase is an Al-supersaturated B2 (B19′)-type ZrCu phase.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1363-1372
Number of pages10
JournalMaterials Transactions
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Jun
Externally publishedYes


  • Solidification structure
  • Sponge and crystal zirconium
  • Ternary eutectic point
  • Zirconium-copper-aluminum alloy system

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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