Previous observations by us have clarified that proteins modified by advanced glycation end products (AGEs) are recognized as effective ligands by CD36-overexpressed CHO cells and undergo receptor-mediated endocytosis. CD36, a member of the class B scavenger receptor family, also acts as a fatty acid transporter in adipocytes. Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (Ox-LDL), a ligand for CD36, is known to upregulate CD36 by activating peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ(PPAR-γ) in macrophages, whereas PPAR-γ ligands such as troglitazone and 15-deoxy-delta12,14-prostaglandin J2 decrease leptin secretion from adipocytes. The purpose of this study was to examine effects of AGE ligands on leptin expression in adipocytes. Glycolaldehyde-modified bovine serum albumin (GA-BSA) decreased leptin expression at both the protein and mRNA levels in 3T3-L1 adipocytes and mouse epididymal adipocytes. The binding to and subsequent endocytic degradation of GA-BSA by 3T3-L1 adipocytes were effectively inhibited by a neutralizing anti-CD36 antibody. These results indicate that the ligand interaction of GA-BSA with CD36 leads to downregulation of leptin expression in 3T3-L1 adipocytes, suggesting that AGE-induced leptin downregulation is linked to reduction of the insulin sensitivity in metabolic syndrome.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences|
|Publication status||Published - 2005|
- Oxidized LDL
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- History and Philosophy of Science