To examine whether alpha and beta tubulin are glycoproteins, we used a pyridylamino labeling method and a monoclonal antibody, SG3-1, raised against NeuAcalpha2-3Gal structure. Alpha and beta tubulin from both pig brain and HeLa cells were positive for the SG3-1 antibody by immunoblot assay. Sialidase treatment reduced the reactivity of the SG3-1 antibody to alpha and beta tubulin molecules. N-linked oligosaccharide analysis also showed that alpha and beta tubulin are glycosylated. Moreover, immunofluorescence analysis showed that the filamentous structure recognized by the SG3-1 antibody was overlapped with microtubules, especially in the vicinity of the nucleus. These results indicate that alpha and beta tubulin are glycosylated with sialyloligosaccharides.