Grain refinement of biomedical Co-27Cr-5Mo-0.16N alloy by reverse transformation

Shingo Kurosu, Hiroaki Matsumoto, Akihiko Chiba

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66 Citations (Scopus)


Advanced grain refinement of a biomedical Ni-free Co-27Cr-5Mo-0.16N alloy without hot or cold plastic deformation was successfully achieved by a reverse transformation from a lamellar (hcp + Cr2N) phase to an fcc phase. The technique consisted of a two-step heat treatment. First, the solution-treated specimen was subjected to isothermal aging at 1073 K for 90 ks, forming a lamellar structure of hcp and Cr2N phases. Then, the aged specimen having a completely lamellar microstructure was reverse-treated at temperatures from 1273 to 1473 K, where the fcc phase is stable. The resultant grains were approximately 1/10 of their initial size. Moreover, tensile testing after reverse transformation showed excellent strength with good ductility compared to samples examined before the reverse transformation. Our results will contribute to the development of biomedical Ni-free Co-Cr-Mo-N alloys with refined grain size and good mechanical properties, without requiring any hot workings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-52
Number of pages4
JournalMaterials Letters
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Jan 15


  • Biomaterial
  • Co-Cr-Mo alloys
  • Grain refinement
  • Mechanical properties
  • Reverse phase transformation


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