Purpose: Recent studies suggest that G-CSF prevents cardiac remodeling following myocardial infarction (MI) likely through regeneration of the myocardium and coronary vessels. However, it remains unclear whether G-CSF administered at the onset of reperfusion prevents ischemia/reperfusion injury in the acute phase. We investigated acute effects of G-CSF on myocardial infarct size and the incidence of lethal arrhythmia and evaluated the involvement of the phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI3K) in the in vivo canine models. Methods: In open-chest dogs, left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) was occluded for 90 minutes followed by 6 hours of reperfusion. We intravenously administered G-CSF (0.33 μ/kg/min) for 30 minutes from the onset of reperfusion. Wortmannin, a PI3K inhibitor, was selectively administered into the LAD after the onset of reperfusion. Results: G-CSF significantly (p<0.05) reduced myocardial infarct size (38.7±4.3% to 15.7±5.3%) and the incidence of ventricular fibrillation during reperfusion periods (50% to 0%) compared with the control. G-CSF enhanced Akt phospholylation in ischemic canine myocardium. Wortmannin blunted both the infarct size-limiting and anti-arrhythmic effects of G-CSF. G-CSF did not change myeloperoxidase activity, a marker of neutrophil accumulation, in the infarcted myocardium. Conclusion: An intravenous administration of G-CSF at the onset of reperfusion attenuates ischemia/reperfusion injury through PI3K/Akt pathway in the in vivo model. G-CSF administration can be a promising candidate for the adjunctive therapy for patients with acute myocardial infarction.
- Ischemia-reperfusion injury
- Myocardial infarction
- Phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase
- Ventricular fibrillation