Growth and characterization of (Dy, Gd)VO4 single crystals

Yasuko Terada, Toshiki Maeda, V. V. Kochurikhin, Kiyoshi Shimamura, Satoshi Uda, Tsuguo Fukuda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


We have successfully grown macro-step-free dysprosium vanadate (DyVO4) single crystals by a modified Czochralski technique in which a steep temperature gradient was maintained at the interface during growth. The crystals showed remarkable spiral bending. In order to suppress the spiral bending, we have investigated the growth of (Dy1-xGdx)VO4 crystals. Substitution of dysprosium with gadolinium was found to be effective for the suppression of spiral bending. The weight ratio of spiral-free portion of grown crystals increased depending on the gadolinium concentration. Grown (Dy1-xGdx)VO4 crystals were compositionally homogeneous.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)518-523
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Crystal Growth
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1997 Jul


  • (Dy,Gd)VO
  • Modified Czochralski technique
  • Spiral bending


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