Growth behavior of anodic oxide formed by aluminum anodizing in glutaric and its derivative acid electrolytes

Daiki Nakajima, Tatsuya Kikuchi, Shungo Natsui, Ryosuke O. Suzuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


The growth behavior of anodic oxide films formed via anodizing in glutaric and its derivative acid solutions was investigated based on the acid dissociation constants of electrolytes. High-purity aluminum foils were anodized in glutaric, ketoglutaric, and acetonedicarboxylic acid solutions under various electrochemical conditions. A thin barrier anodic oxide film grew uniformly on the aluminum substrate by glutaric acid anodizing, and further anodizing caused the film to breakdown due to a high electric field. In contrast, an anodic porous alumina film with a submicrometer-scale cell diameter was successfully formed by ketoglutaric acid anodizing at 293 K. However, the increase and decrease in the temperature of the ketoglutaric acid resulted in non-uniform oxide growth and localized pitting corrosion of the aluminum substrate. An anodic porous alumina film could also be fabricated by acetonedicarboxylic acid anodizing due to the relatively low dissociation constants associated with the acid. Acid dissociation constants are an important factor for the fabrication of anodic porous alumina films.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)364-370
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Surface Science
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Dec 1


  • Acetonedicarboxylic acid
  • Aluminum
  • Anodizing
  • Glutaric acid
  • Ketoglutaric acid


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