Growth of Yb3+-doped Y2O3 single crystal rods by the micro-pulling-down method

J. H. Mun, A. Novoselov, A. Yoshikawa, G. Boulon, T. Fukuda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)


The rare-earth sesquioxides (RE2O3, RE = Lu, Y and Sc) are very promising host crystals for advanced laser diode (LD)-pumped Yb3+-doped solid-state lasers due to unusual combination, almost unique of favourable structural, thermal and spectroscopic properties which are described. In spite of these favourable properties, the bulk single crystal growth technology for the rare-earth sesquioxides has not been established yet. The extremely high melting temperature at around 2400 °C has prevented it. However, we shall show that yttrium oxide crystals (YbxY 1-x)2O3, x = 0.0, 0.005, 0.05, 0.08 and 0.15 of cylindrical shape as laser rods with 4.2 mm in diameter and 15-20 mm in length have been grown from rhenium crucibles by the micro-pulling-down method. The crystal quality characterisation of undoped Y2O3 crystal was determined using X-ray rocking curve (XRC) analysis. Yb were homogeneously distributed in Y2O3 host crystal.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1235-1243
Number of pages9
JournalMaterials Research Bulletin
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Aug 11


  • A. Oxide
  • B. Chemical synthesis
  • B. Crystal growth


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