cAMP production upon activation of Gs by G protein-coupled receptors has classically been considered to be plasma membranedelimited, but a shift in this paradigm has occurred in recent years with the identification of several receptors that continue to signal from early endosomes after internalization. The molecular mechanisms regulating this aspect of signaling remain incompletely understood. Here, we investigated the role of Gq/11 activation by the parathyroid hormone (PTH) type 1 receptor (PTHR) in mediating endosomal cAMP responses. Inhibition of Gq/11 signaling by FR900359 markedly reduced the duration of PTH-induced cAMP production, and this effect was mimicked in cells lacking endogenous Gaq/11. We determined that modulation of cAMP generation by Gq/11 occurs at the level of the heterotrimeric G protein via liberation of cell surface Gβγ subunits, which, in turn, act in a phosphoinositide-3 kinase-dependent manner to promote the assembly of PTHR- βarrestin-Gβγ signaling complexes that mediate endosomal cAMP responses. These results unveil insights into the spatiotemporal regulation of Gs-dependent cAMP signaling.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|Publication status||Published - 2020 Mar 31|
- Endosomal signaling