GW Ori: Interactions between a Triple-star System and Its Circumtriple Disk in Action

Jiaqing Bi, Nienke Van Der Marel, Ruobing Dong, Takayuki Muto, Rebecca G. Martin, Jeremy L. Smallwood, Jun Hashimoto, Hauyu Baobab Liu, Hideko Nomura, Yasuhiro Hasegawa, Michihiro Takami, Mihoko Konishi, Munetake Momose, Kazuhiro D. Kanagawa, Akimasa Kataoka, Tomohiro Ono, Michael L. Sitko, Sanemichi Z. Takahashi, Kengo Tomida, Takashi Tsukagoshi

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32 Citations (Scopus)


GW Ori is a hierarchical triple system with a rare circumtriple disk. We present Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) observations of 1.3 mm dust continuum and 12CO J = 2-1 molecular gas emission of the disk. For the first time, we identify three dust rings in the GW Ori disk at ∼46, 188, and 338 au, with estimated dust mass of 74, 168, and 245 Earth masses, respectively. To our knowledge, its outermost ring is the largest dust ring ever found in protoplanetary disks. We use visibility modeling of dust continuum to show that the disk has misaligned parts, and the innermost dust ring is eccentric. The disk misalignment is also suggested by the CO kinematics. We interpret these substructures as evidence of ongoing dynamical interactions between the triple stars and the circumtriple disk.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberL18
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2020 May 20


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