Hand-Held GPR Imaging Using Migration for Irregular Data

Xuan Feng, Cai Liu, Motoyuki Sato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


Handheld ground-penetrating radar (GPR) system is one of a number of technologies that has been researched as a means of improving landmine detection efficiency. But it is difficult to display landmine imaging in horizontal slices, because human being operator cannot collect regular GPR data along the survey line and the measurement positions are random. Also detection of buried landmines by GPR normally suffers from very strong clutter that will decrease the image quality. So we proposed two processing procedures to achieve hand-held GPR subsurface imaging. One processing procedure is composed of interpolation and migration algorithm. The interpolation is chosen to produce the regular grid data set. The migration is used to improve signal–clutter ratio and reconstruct subsurface imaging. In the other processing procedure we developed a simply modified migration algorithm that can directly processes irregular GPR data. Two processing procedures, migration with interpolation and modified migration without interpolation, were applied to a field experiment data respectively. Both of processing procedures can efficiently process irregular GPR data and achieve subsurface imaging of high quality. The imaging processed by migration with interpolation is used in the dual sensor, advanced landmine imaging system (ALIS), and two sets of ALIS have detected more than 80 AP-mines since 2009. Also the modified migration algorithm can save the processing time, which is important for field real-time signal processing. We concluded that to achieve clear hand-held GPR imaging, the interpolation is not necessary algorithm and the migration is the key algorithm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)799-803
Number of pages5
JournalIEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Dec


  • ALIS
  • hand-held GPR
  • imaging
  • irregular data
  • migration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computers in Earth Sciences
  • Atmospheric Science


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