The goal of this study is to characterize the hardness distribution and texture evolution in a friction stir welded oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) ferritic steel. Hardness profiles were plotted by collecting data on the transverse cross section of the joint. The texture evolution and microstructure characteristics were studied by electron backscattering diffraction (EBSD). Results showed that regions near the bottom of the stir zone were the weak points in hardness, as those regions comprise coarser grains compared with the adjacent regions. EBSD results showed that the grain characterization (size, shape, and aspect ratio) varied within different regions and provided important insight into the material flow within the stir zone. EBSD results also revealed that textures within different regions presented some features of rotating coincidence. By suitable rotations of the poles figures, textures within different regions could superpose with each other almost exactly.
- Electron backscattering diffraction (EBSD)
- Friction stir welding
- Oxide dispersion strengthened steel