Excitation spectra in bilayer quantum Hall systems at total Landau-level filling ν = 2 are studied by the Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov (HFB) approximation. The systems have the spin degrees of freedom in addition to the layer degrees of freedom described in terms of pseudospin. On the excitation spectrum from the spin-singlet and pseudospin-polarized ground state, this approximation fully preserves the spin rotational symmetry and thus can give both spin-triplet and spin-singlet excitations systematically. It is also found that the ground state is pseudospin squeezed because of pseudospin correlations and that the HFB approximation can describe ground-state properties better than other approximations.
- Electron-electron interactions
- Quantum hall effect
- Quantum wells