Heat treatment of nickel-titanium rotary endodontic instruments: Effects on bending properties and shaping abilities

A. Ebihara, Y. Yahata, K. Miyara, K. Nakano, Y. Hayashi, H. Suda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)


Aim To evaluate the bending properties and shaping abilities of nickel-titanium endodontic instruments processed by heat treatment. Methodology K3 files were heated for 30min at 400°C (group 400), 450°C (group 450) and 500°C (group 500). Files that were not heat treated served as controls. A cantilever-bending test was used to evaluate changes in specimen flexibility caused by heat treatment. Curved root canal models were prepared. The times required for preparation, deformation and fracture were recorded. Pre- and postoperative images were superimposed. The amounts of resin removed from both the inner and the outer sides of the curvature in the apical 6mm were determined. Results In the cantilever-bending test, load values of the control group and group 500 were higher than those of groups 400 and 450 at the elastic range (P<0.05). At the superelastic range, the bending load of the control group was the highest amongst all groups (P<0.05). Regarding shaping ability, in the control group, root canals at the apex were transported more to the outer side of the curvature compared with those of all heat-treated groups (P<0.05). Root canals of group 400 at 3mm from the apex were transported less compared with those of other groups (P<0.05). No significant difference was found in working time amongst the groups. In group 450, there was no plastic deformation or fracture of the file. Conclusions Heat treatment of files might improve their flexibility, making them more effective for preparation of curved canals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)843-849
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Endodontic Journal
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Sept
Externally publishedYes


  • Bending property
  • Heat treatment
  • K3
  • Nickel-titanium
  • Shaping ability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)


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