Heterogeneity-induced spot dynamics for a three-component reaction-diffusion system

Yasumasa Nishiura, Takashi Teramoto, Xiaohui Yuan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


Spatially localized patterns form a representative class of patterns in dissipative systems. We study how the dynamics of traveling spots in twodimensional space change when heterogeneities are introduced in the media. The simplest but fundamental one is a line heterogeneity of jump type. When spots encounter the jump, they display various outputs including penetration, rebound, and trapping depending on the incident angle and its height. The system loses translational symmetry by the heterogeneity, but at the same time, it causes the emergence of various types of heterogeneity-induced-orderedpatterns (HIOPs) replacing the homogeneous constant state. We study these issues by using a three-component reaction-diffusion system with one activator and two inhibitors. The above outputs can be obtained through the interaction between the HIOPs and the traveling spots. The global bifurcation and eigenvalue behavior of HISPs are the key to understand the underlying mechanisms for the transitions among those dynamics. A reduction to a ffinite dimensional system is presented here to extract the model-independent nature of the dynamics. Selected numerical techniques for the bifurcation analysis are also provided.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)307-338
Number of pages32
JournalCommunications on Pure and Applied Analysis
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jan


  • Bifurcation
  • Heterogeneous media
  • Reaction-diffusion equations
  • Traveling spot

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analysis
  • Applied Mathematics


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