Glycogen storage disease type Ia (GSD-Ia) is an autosomal recessive disorder of glycogen metabolism caused by glucose-6-phosphatase (G6Pase) deficiency. It is characterized by short stature, hepatomegaly, hypoglycemia, hyperuricemia, and lactic acidemia. Various mutations have been reported in the G6Pase gene (G6PC). However, in Japanese patients, a g727t substitution was found to be the major cause of GSD-Ia, accounting for 20 of 22 mutant alleles [Kajihara et al., 1995], and no other mutations have been found in this population. We analyzed four Japanese GSD-Ia patients and identified three other mutations in addition to the g727t. They included two missense mutations (R83H and P257L) and one nonsense mutation (R170X). Each of the three mutations exhibited markedly decreased G6Pase activity when expressed in COS7 cells. A patient homozygous for R170X showed multiple episodes of profound hypoglycemia associated with convulsions, while P257L was associated with a mild clinical phenotype. The presence of R170X in three unrelated families may implicate that it is another important mutation in the etiology of GSD-Ia in Japanese patients. Thus, the detection of non-g727t mutations is also important in establishing the DNA-based diagnosis of GSD-Ia in this population. (C) 2000 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||American Journal of Medical Genetics|
|Publication status||Published - 2000 May 15|
- Allelic heterogeneity
- DNA diagnosis
- Glucose-6-phosphatase gene
- Glycogen storage disease type Ia