Hierarchical Nano/Micro Moth Eyelike Polymer Film Using Solid/Liquid Interfacial Reaction at Room Temperature

Thuy T. Cao, Hiroshi Yabu, Do S. Huh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


A simple pathway for the fabrication of real moth eyelike patterned (MEP) polymer film with a double-layered nano/microhierarchical structure is demonstrated through a solid/liquid interfacial reaction at atmospheric conditions. A convex-structured polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) film containing CdCl2 was first fabricated using a self-organized honeycomb-patterned porous film as a template. The CdCl2/PVA convex film was immersed into Na2S/ethanol solution to facilitate the reaction between CdCl2 and Na2S at the solid/liquid interface, which led to the functionalization of CdS nanoparticles in the convex-structured PVA film. The tunable introduction of interfacial reaction resulted in the formation of a CdS moth eyelike nanoarray on the top surface of the PVA convex microarray, which mimicked the real moth eye (PVA-CdS MEP). PVA-CdS MEP film with a double moth eyelike structure showed improved antireflective property in comparison with flat and convex-structured PVA films. The PVA-CdS MEP film showed photoresponse under simulated solar light radiation and flexible duration after 500 cycles of folding.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9064-9073
Number of pages10
Issue number31
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Aug 11

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Spectroscopy
  • Electrochemistry


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