The efficient asymmetric total synthesis of (-)-oseltamivir, an antiviral reagent, has been accomplished by using two "one-pot" reaction sequences, with excellent overall yield (60%) and only one required purification by column chromatography. The first one-pot reaction sequence consists of a diphenylprolinol silyl ether mediated asymmetric Michael reaction, a domino Michael reaction/Horner-Wadsworth-Emmons reaction combined with retro-aldol/Horner-Wadsworth-Emmons reaction and retro Michael reactions, a thiol Michael reaction, and a base-catalyzed isomerization. Six reactions can be successfully conducted in the second one-pot reaction sequence; these are deprotection of a tert-butyl ester and its conversion into an acyl chloride then an acyl azide, Curtius rearrangement, amide formation, reduction of a nitro group into an amine, and a retro Michael reaction of a thiol moiety. A column-free synthesis of (-)-oseltamivir has also been established. Fighting the flu: Two "one-pot" and column-free asymmetric sequences are used to accomplish the synthesis of (-)-oseltamivir, known as the anti-influenza drug Tamiflu (see scheme; TMS: trimethylsilyl). This high-yielding synthesis takes advantage of a diphenylprolinol silyl ether as an organocatalyst and single-pot domino operations.
- asymmetric synthesis
- domino reactions