An optimization framework is developed for surface texture design in hydrodynamic lubrication. The microscopic model of the lubrication interface is based on the Reynolds equation, and the macroscopic response is characterized through homogenization. The microscale setting assumes a unilateral periodic texture but implicitly accounts for the bilateral motion of the surfaces. The surface texture in a unit cell is described indirectly through the film thickness, which is allowed to vary between prescribed minimum and maximum values according to a morphology variable distribution that is obtained through the filtering of a design variable. The design and morphology variables are discretized using either element-wise constant values or through first-order elements. In addition to sharp textures, which are characterized by pillars and holes that induce sudden transitions between extreme film thickness values, the framework can also attain a variety of non-standard smoothly varying surface textures with a macroscopically isotropic or anisotropic response.
|Number of pages||24|
|Journal||International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering|
|Publication status||Published - 2016 Dec 21|
- Reynolds equation
- hydrodynamic lubrication
- texture design