TY - JOUR

T1 - Horizontal turbulent diffusion in a convective mixed layer

AU - Ito, Junshi

AU - Niino, Hiroshi

AU - Nakanishi, Mikio

N1 - Publisher Copyright:
© Cambridge University Press 2014.

PY - 2014/11/10

Y1 - 2014/11/10

N2 - A large eddy simulation (LES) is used to estimate a reliable horizontal turbulent diffusion coefficient, Kh, in a convective mixed layer (CML). The introduction of a passive scalar field with a fixed horizontal gradient at a given time enables Kh estimation as a function of height, based on the simulated turbulent horizontal scalar flux. Here Kh is found to be of the order of 100 m2 s-1 for a typical terrestrial atmospheric CML. It is shown to scale by the product of the CML convective velocity, w∗, and its depth, h. Here Kh is characterized by a vertical profile in the CML: it is large near both the bottom and top of the CML, where horizontal flows associated with convection are large. The equation pertaining to the temporal rate of change of a horizontal scalar flux suggests that Kh is determined by a balance between production and pressure correlation at a fully developed stage. Pressure correlation near the bottom of the CML is localized in convergence zones near the boundaries of convective cells and becomes large within an eddy turnover time, h/w∗, after the introduction of the passive scalar field.

AB - A large eddy simulation (LES) is used to estimate a reliable horizontal turbulent diffusion coefficient, Kh, in a convective mixed layer (CML). The introduction of a passive scalar field with a fixed horizontal gradient at a given time enables Kh estimation as a function of height, based on the simulated turbulent horizontal scalar flux. Here Kh is found to be of the order of 100 m2 s-1 for a typical terrestrial atmospheric CML. It is shown to scale by the product of the CML convective velocity, w∗, and its depth, h. Here Kh is characterized by a vertical profile in the CML: it is large near both the bottom and top of the CML, where horizontal flows associated with convection are large. The equation pertaining to the temporal rate of change of a horizontal scalar flux suggests that Kh is determined by a balance between production and pressure correlation at a fully developed stage. Pressure correlation near the bottom of the CML is localized in convergence zones near the boundaries of convective cells and becomes large within an eddy turnover time, h/w∗, after the introduction of the passive scalar field.

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U2 - 10.1017/jfm.2014.545

DO - 10.1017/jfm.2014.545

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84913610317

SN - 0022-1120

VL - 758

SP - 553

EP - 564

JO - Journal of Fluid Mechanics

JF - Journal of Fluid Mechanics

ER -