Hot metal desulfurization behavior with dolomite flux

Yoshie Nakai, Naoki Kikuchi, Yuji Miki, Yasuo Kishimoto, Tomoo Isawa, Takeshi Kawashima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


Hot metal desulfurization behavior with dolomite flux was examined in heat treatment tests of pellets and in small-scale and commercial-scale hot metal desulfurization tests by mechanical stirring. In the heat treatment tests of pellets, the Mg gas generation ratio at 1 673 K increased as the CaO/MgO ratio increased. The Mg gas generation ratio reached 90% with dolomite, which was 1.4 times higher than that with CaO + MgO at the same CaO/MgO. With calcined dolomite and Al ash, CaO efficiency for hot metal desulfurization at 1 673 K was 20-30%, which was around double the results with CaO + MgO and CaO. In the desulfurization slag, sulfur was concentrated not with Mg, but Ca and Al were found in an EPMA analysis and detected as CaS by X-ray diffraction. Desulfurization with calcined dolomite and Al ash is considered to proceed by {circled digit one} desulfurization by Mg(g) and fixing of MgS as CaS, and {circled digit two} desulfurization by CaO with Mg de-oxidation. 200 t commercial-scale hot metal desulfurization tests with mechanical stirring were carried out. The obtained Mg efficiency for desulfurization was in the range of 15-25% with Mg consumption of 1-1.3 kg/t as MgO. These results were within the same trend as in other studies using metallic Mg and MgO with Al.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1020-1027
Number of pages8
JournalIsij International
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Desulfurization
  • Dolomite
  • Flux
  • Hot metal
  • Mechanical stirring

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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