Hybrid scanning near-field optical/tunneling microscopy with indium-tin-oxide/Au coated optical fiber probe

Ken Nakajima, Volker Jacobsen, Yuichi Yamasaki, Jaegeun Noh, Daisuke Fujita, Masahiko Hara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


As widely known, the spatial resolution of a scanning near-field optical microscope (SNOM) is strongly limited by its aperture size (50-200 nm). However, as reported by the authors [Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38 (1999) 3949], a hybrid system of a SNOM with a scanning tunneling microscope (STM) using a "doubly metal-coated optical fiber probe" could be used to overcome this limitation, resulting in a high-resolution feature (λ/50 ≃ 10 nm). However, the throughput of such a probe was extremely low because of the metal coating on the aperture. In this study, we developed a novel probe to overcome this disadvantage, where the metal coating on the aperture was replaced with an indium-tin-oxide (ITO) coating. The performance of this probe was evaluated by examining isolated CdSe nanoparticles on an ITO substrate. The fluorescence from each nanoparticle was observed as a bright spot with the full-width at half-maximum of about 20 nm, indicating high spatial resolution beyond the aperture size without sacrificing single-molecular-level high sensitivity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4956-4960
Number of pages5
JournalJapanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 1: Regular Papers and Short Notes and Review Papers
Issue number7 B
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Jul
Externally publishedYes


  • Aperture
  • Indium-tin-oxide
  • Nanoparticle
  • Scanning near-field optical microscope
  • Scanning tunneling microscope

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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