Hydrogen behavior in gasochromic tungsten oxide films investigated by elastic recoil detection analysis

Aichi Inouye, Shunya Yamamoto, Shinji Nagata, Masahito Yoshikawa, Tatsuo Shikama

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13 Citations (Scopus)


Changes in the composition and crystalline structure of gasochromic tungsten oxide films resulting from the incorporation of hydrogen were investigated; the oxide films were prepared by reactive RF magnetron sputtering on SiO2 and glassy carbon substrates simultaneously. X-ray diffraction analysis of the deposited films at 600 °C showed a uniaxial oriented structure in the (0 1 0) plane of monoclinic WO3 for both substrates. The elastic recoil detection analysis (ERDA) and Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy (RBS) for the films on glassy carbon revealed that the hydrogen impurity was uniformly distributed up to a concentration of 0.24 H/W. The Pd-coated films on SiO2 turned blue when they were exposed to a mixture of Ar and 5% H2 gases. When the sample became colored, the hydrogen concentration in the film increased to 0.47 H/W and the crystalline structure of the film changed from monoclinic to tetragonal. These results indicated that the gasochromic coloration of the tungsten oxide films coincided with incorporation of hydrogen atoms into the crystalline lattice, corresponding to the formation of hydrogen tungsten bronze (HxWO3).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)301-307
Number of pages7
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Feb 1


  • ERDA
  • Gasochromism
  • Hydrogen
  • Tungsten oxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation


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