Hydrogen-induced pulverization allows the production of fine powders with high purity and low cost in refractory metals, alloys, and intermetallics. In this paper, their hydrogen pulverization behavior has been investigated in order to further utilize hydrogen pulverization as a new powder fabrication process. Hydrogen pulverization was examined by the following three methods: (i) hydrogenation in an arc-melting chamber for NbCr2 and Ta 2Ni alloys; (ii) measurement of hydrogen absorption-desorption curves in a Sieverts-type apparatus for Nb3Al alloys; and (iii) heat treatment in a hydrogen furnace for pure Ta. Two-phase alloys of NbCr 2/Nbss, Nb3Al/Nbss, Nb 3Al/Nb2Al, Ta2Ni/Tass and Ta ss/Ta2H (Nbss and Tass denote Nb and Ta solid solutions, respectively) are pulverized by absorbing a large amount of hydrogen. It is suggested that cracking leading to pulverization is initiated at brittle intermetallic regions or hydrides, which are fractured by lattice expansion of Nbss or Tass due to hydrogen absorption.
- Niobium alloy