Hydrogen sensing ability of Pd-based amorphous alloys

Susumu Kajita, Shinichi Yamaura, Hisamichi Kimura, Akihisa Inoue

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    24 Citations (Scopus)


    Pd-based amorphous alloys have been investigated as materials for hydrogen sensor. We prepared thin films of Pd-Cu-Si alloys that are typical Pd-based amorphous alloys by RF magnetron sputtering method. And we examined their H 2 response by measuring the change of electric resistance of thin films exposed in N2 and H2 under various conditions. The thin films of Pd-Cu-Si amorphous alloys showed H2 responses in wide H2 concentration range from 1% to 100%. They showed negative correlation between the H2 response and temperature. The 90% response time was under 1 s at 323 K and 373 K, and it is fast enough for the hydrogen sensor of fuel cell vehicles. We also examined the effect of O2, H2O and some impurity gases (CO, CH4 and CO2) on the H2 response. We found that O2 and H2O do not affect the H2 response of the alloys, but the impurity gases delayed the H2 response time of the alloys at 323 K. However, this effect was reduced by raising the experiment temperature from 323 K to 373 K. These results indicate that the Pd-Cu-Si amorphous alloys have excellent H 2 sensing ability.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)279-284
    Number of pages6
    JournalSensors and Actuators, B: Chemical
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 2010 Oct 21


    • Amorphous alloy
    • Hydrogen absorption
    • Hydrogen sensor
    • Palladium based alloy

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
    • Instrumentation
    • Condensed Matter Physics
    • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
    • Metals and Alloys
    • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
    • Materials Chemistry


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