Primary roots of cucumber seedlings showed positive hydrotropism when exposed to a moisture gradient and rotated on a two-axis clinostat. To examine the role of auxin in the differential growth of the hydrotropically responding roots, we first examined the expression of auxin-inducible genes, CS-AUX/IAAs, in cucumber roots. After auxin starvation, mRNA levels of CS-IAA1 and CS-IAA3 decreased in the roots. Applying auxin to the auxin-starved roots resulted in accumulation of CS-IAA1 and CS-IAA3 mRNA. The level of expression of these genes increased when the auxin concentration was increased. CS-IAA1 mRNA accumulated in response to 10-8 M auxin, and the level increased further, depending on the dose. Auxin starvation did not result in a decrease in the level of CS-IAA2 mRNA; however, adding exogenous auxin at concentrations higher than 10-7 M increased its accumulation. In the primary roots responding hydrotropically or gravitropically, CS-IAA1 expression was greater on the concave side of the curving roots than on the convex side. The difference could be detected 30 min following stimulation by gravity or a moisture gradient, and that difference increased with time. These results support the idea that asymmetry of localization of auxin is associated with differential growth in hydrotropically responding roots.
- Cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.)