Identification of Bradyrhizobium elkanii genes involved in incompatibility with Vigna radiate

Hien P. Nguyen, Hiroki Miwa, Takakazu Kaneko, Shusei Sato, Shin Okazaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


The establishment of a root nodule symbiosis between a leguminous plant and a rhizobium requires complex molecular interactions between the two partners. Compatible interactions lead to the formation of nitrogen-fixing nodules, however, some legumes exhibit incompatibility with specific rhizobial strains and restrict nodulation by the strains. Bradyrhizobium elkanii USDA61 is incompatible with mung bean (Vigna radiata cv. KPS1) and soybean cultivars carrying the Rj4 allele. Here, we explored genetic loci in USDA61 that determine incompatibility with V. radiata KPS1. We identified five novel B. elkanii genes that contribute to this incompatibility. Four of these genes also control incompatibility with soybean cultivars carrying the Rj4 allele, suggesting that a common mechanism underlies nodulation restriction in both legumes. The fifth gene encodes a hypothetical protein that contains a tts box in its promoter region. The tts box is conserved in genes encoding the type III secretion system (T3SS), which is known for its delivery of virulence effectors by pathogenic bacteria. These findings revealed both common and unique genes that are involved in the incompatibility of B. elkanii with mung bean and soybean. Of particular interest is the novel T3SS-related gene, which causes incompatibility specifically with mung bean cv. KPS1.

Original languageEnglish
Article number374
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Dec 8


  • Bradyrhizobium elkanii
  • Nodulation
  • Rj4 soybean
  • Symbiosis
  • Vigna radiata


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