Identification of factors regulating lipoprotein lipase catalyzed hydrolysis in rats with the aid of monoacid-rich lipoprotein preparations

Kan Sato, Yuji Takahashi, Toshihiro Takahashi, Norio Katoh, Yukio Akiba

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17 Citations (Scopus)


To identify the substrate specificity and regulatory factors in lipoprotein lipase (LPL) catalyzed hydrolysis of triacylglycerol-rich lipoprotein, monoacid-rich lipoproteins were used to study the kinetic parameters of LPL. Feeding growing rats with diets rich in palmitic acid (16:0), oleic acid (18:1) or linoleic acid (18:2) for 10 days increased the corresponding acid content in the triacylglycerols of the lipoproteins. Force-feeding the monoacid-rich triacylglycerols, particularly 16:0 or 18:1, increased the respective fatty acid content in both chylomicrons and VLDLs. Major apolipoproteins and lipid compositions were essentially similar among all lipoproteins differing in monoacid species, except for apo A-IV. The Vmax of LPL for 16:0-rich chylomicrons and VLDLs were higher than for 18:1- or 18:2-rich lipoproteins. Order parameter (S), an indicator of the surface fluidity of lipoproteins, decreased with the chain length and unsaturation of monoacid in similar manner as the Vmax. The Vmax of LPL increased linearly (P < 0.05) with an increase in either the palmitic acid content of the lipoprotein triacylglycerols or order parameter (S) of the lipoproteins. The order parameter (S) and Vmax of LPL were higher in 16:0 triacylglycerol emulsions with apo B than with 18:1 or 18:2 triacylglycerols. The apo A-IV in triacylglycerol emulsions stimulated Vmax of LPLs in the presence of apo B and apo C-II. The binding of apo A-IV to 16:0 triacylglycerol emulsions was higher than to other triacylglycerol emulsions. These findings suggest that lipoprotein catalysis by LPL is modulated by the 16:0 level in the lipoprotein triacylglycerol, which affects the surface fluidity and apo A-IV content of lipoproteins.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)528-538
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Nutritional Biochemistry
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Sept


  • Apo A-IV
  • Chylomicron
  • Fatty acid
  • Lipoprotein lipase
  • Rat
  • Surface fluidity
  • VLDL


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