When RBL-2H3 rat basophilic leukemia cells were stimulated by antigen or the Ca2+ ionophore A23187, the activity to increase histamine production by rat bone marrow cells in the conditioned medium increased time-dependently. To characterize the histamine-production-increasing factor (HPIF) produced by RBL-2H3 cells, the conditioned medium was collected 8 h after stimulation by A23187, and the factor was purified by three-step chromatography, the specific activity being increased by 9000-fold. The partial amino acid sequence of the peptide obtained by S. aureus V8 protease digestion was identical to the internal amino acid sequence of rat granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF). In addition, GM-CSF mRNA levels in RBL-2H3 cells were increased by A23187 with a peak at 4 h. Furthermore, recombinant rat GM-CSF increased histamine production by rat bone marrow cells. These findings suggested that HPIF produced by the stimulated RBL-2H3 cells is GM-CSF. Possible significant roles of HPIF at the late phase of allergic inflammation are discussed. Copyright (C) 1998 Elsevier Science B.V.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Cell Research|
|Publication status||Published - 1998 Jul 24|
- Bone marrow cell
- Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor
- Histamine-production-increasing factor
- Rat basophilic leukemia-2H3 cell