Image fusion processing for IKONOS 1-m color imagery

Kazi A. Kalpoma, Jun Ichi Kudoh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

68 Citations (Scopus)


Many image fusion techniques have been developed. However, most existing fusion processes produce color distortion in 1-m fused IKONOS images due to nonsymmetrical spectral responses of IKONOS imagery. Here, we proposed a fusion process to minimize this spectral distortion in IKONOS 1-m color images. The 1-m fused image is produced from a 4-m multispectral (MS) and 1-m panchromatic (PAN) image, maintaining the relations of spectral responses between PAN and each band of the MS images. To obtain this relation, four spectral weighting parameters are added with the pixel value of each band of the original MS image. Then, each pixel value is updated using a steepest descent method to reflect the maximum spectral response on the fused image. Comparison among the proposed technique and existing processes [intensity hue saturation (IHS) image fusion, Brovey transform, principal component analysis, fast IHS image fusion] has been done. Our proposed technique has succeeded to generate 1-m fused images where spectral distortion has been reduced significantly, although some block distortions appeared at the edge of the fused images. To remove this block distortion, we also proposed a sharpening process using a wavelet transform, which removed block distortion without significant change in the color of the entire image.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4305370
Pages (from-to)3075-3086
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Oct 1


  • Histogram matching
  • Ikonos
  • Image fusion process
  • Spectral distortion
  • Spectral response
  • Steepest descent method
  • Wavelet transform

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)


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