Impact of peroral endoscopic myotomy on high-resolution manometry findings and their association with the procedure's outcomes

Yoshitaka Hata, Hiroki Sato, Yuto Shimamura, Hirofumi Abe, Akio Shiwaku, Junya Shiota, Chiaki Sato, Masaki Ominami, Hisashi Fukuda, Ryo Ogawa, Jun Nakamura, Tetsuya Tatsuta, Yuichiro Ikebuchi, Hiroshi Yokomichi, Eikichi Ihara, Haruhiro Inoue

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and Aims: Peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) is conducted for patients with esophageal motility disorders based on high-resolution manometry (HRM) findings. However, the impact of POEM on HRM findings and the associations between post-POEM HRM and outcomes have not been clarified. Methods: In a multicenter, observational, cohort study, patients with achalasia treated by POEM received follow-up HRM. Associations between patient characteristics, POEM procedures, and post-POEM HRM findings, including integrated relaxation pressure (IRP) and distal contractile integral (DCI), were investigated. Furthermore, POEM procedure outcomes were compared with post-POEM HRM findings. Results: Of 2171 patients, 151 (7.0%) showed residual high post-POEM IRP (≥26 mm Hg; Starlet [Starmedical Ltd, Tokyo, Japan]). In a multivariate analysis, high pre-POEM IRPs (odds ratio [OR], 24.3) and gastric myotomy >2 cm (OR, .22) were found to be positive and negative predictive factors of high post-POEM IRPs, respectively. Peristalsis recovery (DCI ≥500 mm Hg/cm/s, at least 1 swallow; Starlet) was visible in 121 of 618 patients (19.6%) who had type II to III achalasia. High pre-POEM IRP (OR, 2.65) and DCI ≥500 (OR, 2.98) predicted peristalsis recovery, whereas esophageal dilation (OR, .42) predicted a risk of no recovery. Extended myotomy did not reveal a significant impact on peristalsis recovery. High or low post-POEM IRP and DCI did not increase the incidence of clinical failure, reflux esophagitis, or symptomatic GERD. Conclusions: Extended gastric myotomy decreased IRP values, whereas peristalsis recovery depended on the characteristics of achalasia. A residual high post-POEM IRP does not necessarily mean clinical failure. Routine HRM follow-up is not recommended after POEM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)673-683.e2
JournalGastrointestinal Endoscopy
Volume97
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Apr

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