Impact of preoperative factors on catheter position in peritoneal dialysis: a prospective cohort study

Kento Hoshino, Go Anan, Takuo Hirose, Seiko Yamakoshi, Ryo Tajima, Toshihiro Sato, Yuka Miyake, Tsugumi Fukunaga, Toshiko Kato, Akari Endo, Takayuki Seki, Shingo Nakayama, Ikuko Oba-Yabana, Hannah Nakamura, Junichi Tani, Takefumi Mori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheter malposition is one of the complications of renal replacement therapy. This study aimed to determine the preoperative factors that cause PD catheter malposition. Methods: The prospective cohort study included patients who underwent PD catheter insertion surgery and had preoperative and postoperative computed tomography scans. We compared preoperative and intraoperative factors between the lower depth catheter group (group L) and upper depth catheter group (group U), and preoperative and intraoperative factors between the posterior catheter group (group P) and anterior catheter group (group A). In addition, PD catheter obstruction requiring surgical intervention in each group was followed up for 1 year. Results: A total of 150 patients were categorized into groups L (n = 77) and U (n = 73), or groups P (n = 107) and A (n = 43). Body mass index (BMI; P = 0.02), subcutaneous fat area (P = 0.02), and rate of previous abdominal surgery (P = 0.01) were significantly lower in group L than in group U. In terms of anterior catheter position, females had more-anterior catheter positions. The time to PD catheter obstruction requiring surgical intervention (P = 0.03) was significantly lower in group U than in group L. Conclusions: High BMI, high subcutaneous fat area, high subcutaneous fat thickness, and previous abdominal surgery were identified as preoperative factors that cause the PD catheter to have an upper depth. Female sex was a preoperative influencing factor for the anterior PD catheter position.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)835-841
Number of pages7
JournalClinical and Experimental Nephrology
Volume26
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Aug

Keywords

  • Body mass index
  • Catheter malposition
  • Peritoneal dialysis
  • Subcutaneous fat

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