Impacts of interface energies and transformation strain from BCC to FCC on massive-like δ-γ Transformation in steel

M. Yoshiya, M. Sato, M. Watanabe, K. Nakajima, T. Yokoi, N. Ueshima, T. Nagira, H. Yasuda

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Interface energies of δ/γ, γ/γ, δ/δ, L/δ, and L/γ interfaces, at first, as a function of misorientation were evaluated with an aid of atomistic simulations with embedded atom method. Then, under geometric constraints where grains or interfaces compete each other to minimize overall free energy, effective interface energies for those interfaces were quantified. It is found that neither the minimum nor effective δ/γ interface energies, 0.41 or 0.56 J/m2, respectively, is significantly higher than those of other interfaces including liquid/solid interfaces, but the δ/γ interface energy is significantly high for the small entropy change upon δ-γ massive-like transformation, resulting in significantly higher undercooling required for γ nucleation in the δ phase matrix than in solidification. Detachment of δ-phase dendrite tips away from γ-phase dendrite trunks can be explained only from a viewpoint of interface energy if small misorientationis introduced at the δ/γ interface from the perfect lattice matching between BCC and FCC crystal structures. Examining the BCC-to-FCC transformation strain on the γ nucleation in the massive-like transformation, the γ nucleation is prohibited 170 K or more undercooling is achieved unless any relaxation mechanism for the transformation strain is taken into account.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012049
JournalIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jun 11
Event14th International Conference on Modeling of Casting, Welding and Advanced Solidification Processes, MCWASP 2015 - Awaji Island, Hyogo, Japan
Duration: 2015 Jun 212015 Jun 26


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